As humans, it is common for us all to fall sick and recover over time. However, in some cases like typhoid, it takes longer than you expect to recover. The people who are suffering from typhoid need to take a lot of precautions and plan a careful diet. If you are also suffering from typhoid or if you know someone suffering from this infection, you have reached the right place. It is because today, in this article, we shall be talking about the best typhoid fever diet that the patient should follow. But before that, let us first understand what typhoid is.
What Is Typhoid Fever?
Typhoid fever is an infection caused by a contagious bacterium that is known as Salmonella typhi. This infection can be transmitted to other human beings from contaminated food or water. Apart from that, it can even spread where the sanitization is poor.
The bacteria are usually let out through urine and the feces of the person who is infected with this. Since it can spread through direct contact, it is important to wash hands carefully if you come in touch with a person who is suffering from typhoid.
What Are the Symptoms of Typhoid?
Typhoid can sometimes be a serious issue, which requires your undivided attention to get cured. When a person is suffering from typhoid, he or she can get symptoms like high fever, sweating, headache, etc. When we talk about high fever, the temperatures can range around 39 ℃ to 40 °C (103 to 104 F).
Apart from that, a typhoid patient can also get body pain, diarrhea, chills, constipation, tiredness, etc. Moreover, other gastrointestinal issues and enlargement of liver and spleen are commonly seen in the people affected by typhoid. As you can expect, gastrointestinal issues can also result in poor appetite.
What Are Some of the Causes of Typhoid?
When it comes to typhoid, there are very few causes due to which a person can get this disease. The bacteria usually spread only through human carriers, and can be transmitted from person to person when they come in direct contact with the feces of the infected person.
Also, when a healthy person consumes either contaminated water or food, the bacteria enter his body through the mouth and reach the intestines. It stays there for a few weeks and further multiplies in the lymphoid tissues. It later enters the bloodstream and forms bacteremia and spreads to other tissues and organs of the body. It is enough to create havoc in the body!
In an infected person, even if the fever gets settled, he can become a carrier of the disease and can spread this infection to other people through direct contact. So, you will need to eat non-contaminated and fresh food to avoid this disease.
What to Eat in Typhoid?
What to eat in typhoid? This is the first question that comes to every mind when we come across any person who is suffering from this disease. So, if you also want to know the best food for typhoid, we help you out with the same:
1. Consume food rich in calories and carbohydrates
When you talk about a typhoid diet, the food items that are rich in calories and carbohydrates are at the top in the list of suggestions. It is because when a person is infected with typhoid, he becomes physically weak, and the food rich in calories gives him the required strength to get up and perform daily activities.
On the other hand, food items rich in carbohydrates are easy to digest during typhoid. Thus, you should eat a lot of dairy items, petite yellow lentils, fruits, boiled rice, etc.
2. Take plenty of fluids
During typhoid, a person becomes weak and often is subjected to dehydration. Thus, most doctors suggest taking plenty of fluids. This will rehydrate your body and help protect yourself from other weakness related ailments, as well. Other effective fluids include coconut water, juice, broth, etc.
3. Eat Fruits
When suffering from typhoid, bananas are one of the first food items that a person should think of. It is because bananas contain a lot of nutrients like antioxidants that are effective to fight against poor appetite during typhoid.
Apart from that, other fruit items like canned fruit, melons, and apples can prove highly beneficial when it comes to treating the disease.
4. Drink Soups
When we talk about diet for typhoid patient, soups are one of the best consumables. It is because they are easy to prepare, and easy to digest. However, make sure you do not make soup out of forbidden vegetables. We suggest preparing either carrot soup, chicken soup, or mushroom soup during typhoid.
Honey is known to be effective against this disease, and finds itself a place in the typhoid fever food chart. It has antibacterial substances that fight against the bacteria causing the disease, and also provide a soothing effect on the intestines, if you consume honey with warm water.
6. Cooked Vegetables
A person suffering from typhoid should turn to cooked vegetables like squash, green beans, beets, carrots and potatoes. It is because cooked and boiled fruits are easy to digest, and contain multiple nutrients that give strength to the body and help fight typhoid.
7. Proteins Will Help
When a person is affected with typhoid, he needs a strong body to fight the disease, and proteins are very much necessary to get this done. A person suffering from typhoid should consume items that are rich in protein, including eggs, ground meat, fish, tofu, chicken, turkey, etc.
8. Foods Rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids help in decreasing inflammation in the body, which is why these food items are highly suggested to be included in the diets, when a person is suffering from typhoid.
Typhoid is a harmful situation to be in, as it can cause immense weakness and inability to perform our daily activities. It is because of the symptoms of typhoid that include extremely high fevers, especially during nights, weakness, headache, stomach pain, poor appetite, constipation, diarrhea, etc.
It is caused due to a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. It is a contagious disease that transmits from person to person when they come in direct contact. To get rid of it, you should eat food that is rich in carbohydrates and calories. You should also consume a lot of watery fruits, dairy products, etc.
On the other hand, it is equally important to avoid certain food items, including raw vegetables like broccoli, onions, peas, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. While most food items suggested here form a good typhoid fever diet, it is advisable that you consult your doctor, who will suggest the right food item to you based on your health condition, along with appropriate medicine to treat the disease.
If a person is suffering from typhoid, he or she should consume food that is rich in carbohydrates and calories. Apart from that, you should eat dairy products, a lot of watery fruits, and petite yellow lentils. These foods are known to be effective when it comes to treating typhoid.
When a person suffers from typhoid, he suffers from swelling and inflammation. Eggs contain omega-3 fatty acids, and thus, are certainly suggested as one of the best food items in the typhoid diet chart.
When treating typhoid, it is important to know what is the food to eat in typhoid. You should not eat raw vegetables like broccoli, onions, peas, cabbage, cauliflower, etc. Apart from that you should also avoid eating spicy foods, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, kidney beans, fried chicken, potato chips, and all types of junk food items.
When it comes to treating typhoid, drinking milk can be both good and bad. If a person has intolerance to lactose, it is not advisable to drink milk when he is suffering from typhoid. However, if the milk is pasteurized, there will be no bacteria in it, and you can consume it in limited quantities.
A person who is suffering from typhoid should eat food items that are rich in carbohydrates. When we talk of apples, they are rich in carbohydrates, as well. However, it is advisable to not eat raw apples, while boiled apples are suggested to eat.
This is a debatable topic. While some say that drinking tea is good, some say otherwise. However, there is no scientific proof for both the claims. But it is advisable to not drink tea outside in restaurants or elsewhere. It is because they add artificial sweeteners, which are harmful. If you really want to drink tea, you should make it from boiled and disinfected water and milk.