Biggest Dams in India

Dams are architectural and civil engineering marvels of the country. They generate a massive amount of hydroelectricity; serve drinking water and irrigation facilities to the state and places around. In India, there are many dams, and some of them also rank in the biggest dams in the world. However, not many know the names of the biggest dams in India. In this blog, we have comprised 10 largest and biggest dams in India that are also preferred as tourist attractions.

List of 10 Largest Dams in India:

1. Tehri Dam – Uttarakhand

Ranked 8th in the list of tallest dams of the word, Tehri Dams is the largest dam in India. It is located around the Bhagirathi River. It is a multipurpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam. The first phase of the dam was completed in the year 2006, and the other 2 phases are under process. The dam is used for irrigation, municipal water supply, and generation of 1,000 megawatts of hydroelectricity.

Height – 261 meters

Length –575 meters

Water Capacity – 2, 00,000-acre-feet

2. Bhakra Dam – Himachal Pradesh

This concrete gravity dam is located on the Sutlej River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. The dam forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir, the third largest reservoir in India. The first Prime minister of the country, Jawaharlal Nehru, described it as the ”New Temple of Resurgent India”. The infrastructure of the dam attracts tourists from across the country.

Height – 225 meters

Length – 520 meters

Water Capacity – 7,501,775-acre-ft

3. Sardar Sarovar Dam – Gujarat

Also known as Narmada Dam is the most massive project that will be constructed on the Narmada River. The dam provides water to the arid regions of Saurashtra and Kutch, which frequently struggle with severe drought problems. The foundation of the dam was first laid in the year 1961. Besides Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan are also benefited from the dam. The dam also has a reservoir that can hold 7,701,775 -acre-ft of water.

Height – 163 meters

Length – 1210 meters

Water Capacity – 7,701,775 -acre-ft

4. Hirakud Dam – Odisha

The dam is built over the Mahanadi River. It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley projects that started post-Independence. It is one of the largest dams in India and the world. The dam features two towers that are Minar and Nehru Minar. Some of the major attractions around the dam are Ushakothi Wildlife Sanctuary, Cattle Island, Vimleshwar Temple, and Huma Temple

Height – 60.96 meters

Length – 61 meters

Water Capacity – 4716736.4- acre-ft

5. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Telangana

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is a masonry dam across the Krishna River between Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, and Nalgonda district, Telangana. It was constructed in the year 1955. It is one of the biggest dams in India, which is also a multipurpose hydro-electric and irrigation project in India. The dam aids irrigation water to West Godavari, Nalgonda, Krishna, Suryapet, Guntur, and Prakasam districts. It features one of the biggest reservoirs in the country

Height – 124 metres

Length – 1,550 metres

Water Capacity – 11.472 billion cubic meters

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6. Koyna Dam – Maharashtra

The Koyna Dam is one of the largest and biggest dams in India. It is built in Maharashtra, which is home to numerous other dams. The Koyna Dam is a rubble-concrete dam which is constructed on the Koyna River in Mahabaleshwar. It caters hydroelectricity and irrigation needs of the neighboring states

Height –103.2 meters

Length – 807.2 meters

Water Capacity – 2,267,900-acre-ft

7. Indira Sagar Dam -Madhya Pradesh

Indira Sagar Dam is one of the largest dams in India. It is a multipurpose project of Madhya Pradesh. The construction of the dam was started in the year in 1992. It serves irrigation in 1,230 square kilometers of land. Indira Sagar Dam features the largest reservoir in India

Height –92 meters

Length – ‎653 meters

Water Capacity – 9,890,701-acre-ft

8.  Rihand Dam – Uttar Pradesh

Also known as Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar, Rihand Dam is the largest dam in India. It features a reservoir-Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar. It is one of the largest men made reservoirs in India. This is a concrete gravity dam which is located in Sonbhadra District. The dam offers irrigation water in Bihar.

Height – 91.46 meters

Length – 934.45 meters

Water Capacity – 10.6 billion cubic meters

9. Mettur Dam -Tamil Nadu

One of the largest and biggest dams in India and Tamil Nadu, Mettur dam, is located over the river Cauvery. The base of the dam features a park – Ellis Park, which is also a site attraction. It provides drinking water and irrigation facilities to over 12 districts of Tamil Nadu, and thus, it is known to be the life and livelihood-giving asset of the state.

Height – 65 metres

Length – 1,700 metres

Water Capacity – 2,146,071 -acre-ft

10. Krishna Raja Sagara – Karnataka

Popularly known as KRS, Krishna Raja Sagara is one of the largest dams in India. Some of the tourist attractions around the dam are the Ornamental garden, Brindavan Garden.

Height – 39.8 meters

Length – 2,620 meters

Water Capacity – 100,870 acre⋅ft

Conclusion:

India boasts numerous biggest dams that provide hydroelectricity, drinking water, and irrigation facilities to the state in which there are built. Also, these dams are no less than gems of the country as they serve to million livelihoods.

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