The 5G network is conceived as the foundation to cater to the world’s growing connectivity needs. The global traffic of mobile data projects to multiply by 5 before 2024. 4G networks cannot fulfill this high-speed connectivity requirement. Therefore the new 5G network has become the new gameplay worldwide.
To walk parallel to the tech needs of the country 5G network in India is the hot topic frequently discussed and planned by our governmental officials. For India, 5G is the next technological advancement. It will aid digital transformation across the country and impact other mission mode projects. 5G will provide a new dimension and lens for various national important projects, like Digital India, Smart Village missions, and Smart Cities. It claims to aid Start-Up India significantly and Make in India missions. The aim to introduce a 5G network in India is to map India at a global space where we are well equipped to develop, design, manufacturing 5G based applications, products, and technology as par to the global standards.
What is the 5G Network?
5G network is the next generation in cellular technology, which will provide reliable and faster communication with the benefits of ultra-low latency. Latency is the speed measured in time for data to travel between the source and destination. According to the Ministry of Communication panel report, 5G peaks the data speeds to be in the range of 2-20 Gbps (Gigabit per second). In contrast, the average speed of 4G link speeds is 6-7 Mbps (Megabit per second) in India, which is faster up to 25 Mbps in developed countries. Summarising this in a simpler contextual scenario, we can download a two-hour Full HD movie in merely four seconds. This is just a slice of the cake, the 5G network is revolutionary technological evolution, which will affect all of us immensely changing our daily life problems.
Major Opportunities with 5G Network in India
There are multiple dimensions of using a 5G network in India. It can influence India’s significant transformation that can enable hi-tech technology across educational, manufacturing, agricultural, healthcare, financial, and social sectors. India must embrace all these opportunities by deploying 5G networks efficiently, early, and pervasively. We can emerge as influential technology suppliers and innovators in the global market.
1. Internet of Things(IoT)
The IoT (Internet of Things) is the practice of adding internet-connected sensors and controllers to various objects. It improves the capabilities and services of any device, infrastructure, or location by using the data to provide to them. It claims that when such devices communicate with one another, the field of automation will experience the new turn. The advancement of IoT will turn your ordinary home and city into smart homes and smart cities. For instance, your house’s light will understand when to turn on and when to switch off. The use of IoT sensors is advanced in a few sectors. However, 5G is expected to grow in the upcoming years when it will uptake of IoT.
2. Network Function Virtualization
Network Function Virtualization refers to the process of implementation of software functions to aid the high-performance computing server farms. It helps the wireless features of infrastructure to play a vital role in network appliances. It gives more scalable, flexible, and efficient services. The use of NFV will invite enormous flexibility and savings in rolling out a 5G network in India.
3. Artificial Intelligence
As artificial intelligence advances, the number of devices, services, and variety will increase as the 5G network will increase by 100% compared to current 2G, 3G, and 4G network devices. This tech evolution will increase the complexity of network, detection, management, and optimization. Therefore, the role of advanced analytics and machine learning and will increase the opportunity to better use the 5G network in India. Other parallel advancements will include automation and robotic progress in various sectors of business.
4. Advanced Cloud Computing
The traditional cloud computing generally gives many advantages ranging from centralizing computation to the sharing of resources. However, the server farms of cloud computing are often planted in far-off places, reducing the cost of cooling and power and cooling. This also means that the applications that need low latency and rapid response turn out to be disadvantaged. Therefore distributed or edge computing locates shared compute resources at much closer server farm to make it more serviceable. The destination points like NFV servers and 5G base stations aid the evolution of the 5G network in India.
5. Software-Defined Network
Generally, IP protocol networks and routers were placed at some midpoint to allow the route of the flow of packets to reach the destination node finally. This routing flow was based on local information and knowledge of traffic or congestion. This routing logic will be determined by the IP address of the destination node, which may advance it to 24 times.
The speed depends on which wireless services are used and where one is located. The chipmaker company, Qualcomm said it had experienced peak 5G download speeds of 4.5 Gbps. However, it projects the initial speeds of 1.4 gigabits in the 5G network. Simply stated, it would be 20 times faster than the current 4G network we experience today. The speeds of higher-quality video streaming will increase drastically.
The speed can be measured as latency as well. This factor will also get a boost with the 5G network in India. When we search for any web result, we notice that Google displays the search time in milliseconds. The response time is going to get a considerable boost when 5G comes in roll to play. The result will be displayed in just a fraction of seconds without lagging. It is possible as signals will not have to pass between different carrier switching centers. 5G network in India uses advanced networking technology to reduce this latency drastically.
5G network in India will make the signal deliveries and cellular networks to be more reliable than before. This advancement will benefit in the fields of virtual reality or mobile banking. The most advanced VR applications generally require heavy headgears and headsets connected to 3-D image generator computers. This will not be the same as the introduction of 5G. The 5G network in India will enrich the VR experience. Now you would be able to use wireless VR devices giving you the experience of free moving and exploring
5G network is ideal for many other fields. It extends the impact to the area of medicine and operations with high-speed connections. Officials in the United States and China sees 5G networks as a competitive edge. The faster networks will help the spread of the use of artificial intelligence and other cutting-edge technologies too.
Challenges of 5G Technology in India
As the advent of any new technology comes with initial hurdles, the 5G network also has some issues and challenges. We have discussed the problems in the following points.
1. Small Cell Deployment Challenges
There are many challenges in deploying small cells. It requires local permission and detailed planning and lengthy engagement and procurement exercises. The most protest against the 5G network across the globe is that humans will be more exposed to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) with the advent of the 5G network. High charges are also a challenge for access and code powers.
2. Fiber Backhaul
Deploying fibre backhaul networks for small cells to support high data rates and low latency will be among the largest challenges the operators face due to the reduced availability of fibre networks in many cities. As per a recent WBA study, 5G needs to deliver at least 1 Gbps speed to each user and the minimum downlink speed. Also, each small cell will need to be 20 Gbps, and the uplink peak data rate will need to be 10 Gbps to attain its full potential. Connecting all these small cells to fiber will require a lot of fiber, about eight km of fiber per square km.
For instance, the Delhi city area will need approx. 12000 km of OFC route km while Mumbai metropolitan region will need 35000 Kms of OFC km. This challenge is uniform across all the cities and is visible even if 4G rollout were on the national average. 20% of cells have OFC backhaul compared to a global average of 60-70%. As per the draft of National Digital Communications Policy 2018, a workable program has been launched as Fibre-to-the-tower to enable fabrication of at least 60% base stations, thereby accelerating 4G or 5G. However, as per the WBA report, for a successful rollout of 5G, 100% cells need to be fiberized.
The availability of spectrum is the major challenge across telecom companies. DOT is in the entire process of aligning the available spectrum in 700 MHz, 24 GHz, and 28 GHz bands. As per reports, additional frequency bands are also explored in 600 MHz, 1.4 GHz, 30 GHz, 31 GHz, and 37 GHz. As per A. Paulraj, the chairman of the steering committee on the 5G deployment association, “our spectrum release will be more than many countries which will bring long-term benefits.” He also assured the spectrum side’s availability, although pricing of the same and affordability of the same is yet to be decided.
There are some fundamental challenges that are needed to be resolved to capture this massive opportunity to unlocking digital economization. Any delay in solving the infrastructure issues will lead to only patchy implementations of 5G and, hence, be unable to take advantage of opportunities being offered under the banner of 4th Industrial revolution technologies like Autonomous vehicles, IoT, E-Health,connected utilities, Smart Education, AR/VR, Drones, etc.
5G network Launch Dates in India
To explore how 5G networks will behave and perform in the real present world and experience building and operating them, India’s government has permitted the trials to few systems. The network operators have been conducting field trials to lay the founding stone. They are also upgrading their network to prepare to bear the additional traffic loads that 5G radio interfaces will carry.
Reliance Jio 5G Network Launch Date in India
Reliance Jio was a pioneer in approaching the government for conducting 5G mobile network trials. Strategy head of Jio, Anshuman Thakur, said in late 2019, and we state, “Jio is ready for 5G and has the network and backhaul in place, needing only to make investments in spectrum and equipment. The company is also looking at star ups to build its entire ‘suite of 5G offerings, ‘ which includes smartphones and set-top boxes.” Jio will also operate with an all-IP network, an essential requirement for launching 5G services and enabling the company to implement 5G. It has planned to conduct 5G trials with Samsung, and it would extend its partnerships with Huawei, Ericsson, and Nokia as well.
Recently Ambani said, “5G solution will be ready for trials as soon as 5G spectrum is available and ready for field deployment next year. This development was announced during the Reliance’s virtual annual general meeting 2020, along with some other details like global export of Jio 5G and upgradability from 4G.” He also revealed that Jio 5G was developed by Indian engineers dedicated to the Prime Minister’s vision of “Atmanirbhar Bharat.” He also shared a roadmap for Jio 5G, stating that it will first test India’s service as soon as the 5G spectrum is available and ready for field deployment.
Airtel 5G network launch date in India
Airtel work with the partnership of Huawei, ZTE, Ericsson, and Nokia on its initial trials. It has managed to deploy 100 hops of 5G technology network transmission equipment, which was supplied by Huawei to improve its backhaul capacity. It has struck deals with Ericsson and Cisco to speed up its core network in preparation for welcoming 5G services in India.
Airtel has also completed the trail and was on track to roll out 5G by the end of 2020. However, in the latest press report, the rollout plan has been delayed to late 2021 or early 2022.
Vodafone 5G Network Launch Date in India
Vodafone Idea is also ready to conduct its trials with Huawei, ZTE, Ericsson, and Nokia, and are already using 5G AI technology from Huawei to boost its 4G network’s capabilities.
As the pandemic has changed the nation’s economic focus, the plans of Rolling of 5G networks in India have also been marginally pushed. Presently it is expected that it would be launched not before early 2022.
5G network is the spine of emerging technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and machine learning, which will lead to machine communications. It will provide a larger range of applications and services, including driverless vehicles, telesurgery, and real-time data analytics. The super-low latency offered by the 5G network makes the technology desirable for such use cases. It is the most sophisticated and advanced wireless technology we have ever developed so far.
It will revolutionize the entire area where the wireless network can be used for efficient and secure communication. Therefore here in this blog, we have tried to bring 5G network’s leapfrog opportunity by providing ‘smart infrastructure,’ which offers lower cost and faster infrastructure delivery. With opportunities, there always come some challenges to address. Along with this information, we understand your anticipation of the quick launch of 5G in India, so we have also discussed the tentative launch dates of the major telecom 5G network.
FAQs About 5G Network
5G networks were expected to be launched in India by early 2021, but it’s now highly unlikely that this could happen before mid-2021. Due to the pandemic, the launch dates have been postponed to late 2021 or early 2022.
Presently there no network in the Indian market with 5G towers. The two Chinese players are also not open to bringing their new 5G phones to the country soon.
The Department of Telecommunications declared its plan to auction 4G and 5G airwaves by early 2020 but has yet to allot spectrum for holding 5G trials. Recently Mukesh Ambani stated that he is on the wait of the spectrum to launch Jio 5G network.
Few technologically advanced countries like South Korea, China, and the USA are the world’s leading countries in building and deploying 5G technology. They are also partners with Indian Telecommunication companies for a trial period. There are operators around the world like AT&T Inc., KT Corp that have been racing to build the fifth-generation (5G) of wireless technology.